WeirFoulds congratulates Partner Sandra Astolfo on receiving the 2019 OBA Construction and Infrastructure Law Award of Excellence
WeirFoulds is pleased to announce that Sandra Astolfo has been awarded the 2019 Construction and Infrastructure Law Award of Excellence by the Ontario Bar Association. She was presented with the award on Tuesday, June 4, 2019 at the OBA’s Construction and Infrastructure Law Section’s year-end dinner. Sandra had the highest number of nominations from her colleagues and peers, and is the youngest and first female recipient of this award.
The Ontario Bar Association established an Award of Excellence to recognize exceptional contributions by individuals both to the law and the construction bar.
WeirFoulds congratulates Partner Frank Walwyn on receiving a 2019 Law Society Medal
WeirFoulds is thrilled to announce that Partner Frank Walwyn has been awarded a 2019 Law Society Medal (“LSM”) from the Law Society of Ontario. Frank was presented with the Medal alongside the other 2019 honourees at the annual Law Society Awards ceremony on May 22nd at Osgoode Hall.
The highest honour bestowed by the Law Society, the LSM was established in 1985 to recognize lawyers in Ontario whose outstanding service in the profession is in accordance with the highest ideals of the legal community.
John A. Keith, Q.C., Judge of the Supreme Court of Nova Scotia
John A. Keith, Q.C. is appointed a judge of the Supreme Court of Nova Scotia, and a judge ex officio of the Nova Scotia Court of Appeal. He replaces Justice G.M. Warner (Kentville), who elected to become a supernumerary judge effective January 1, 2019.
Justice Keith articled with WeirFoulds LLP and was called to the Bar of Ontario in 1993. He was an associate in the firm’s Commercial Litigation Practice Group before returning to Nova Scotia in 1999.
WeirFoulds is recognized by our peers and colleagues as one of the top regional firms in Canadian Lawyer’s Top 10 Ontario Regional Firms survey
WeirFoulds LLP is delighted to announce that we have once again been recognized by our peers and colleagues as one of the top 10 Ontario regional law firms in Canadian Lawyer’s 2019 survey.
WeirFoulds Congratulates Bryan Finlay, Q.C. on Being Awarded The Advocates’ Society Medal
Bryan Finlay, Q.C. will be awarded The Advocates’ Society Medal at a gala dinner in February 2019. The Advocates’ Society Medal is the highest expression of esteem that the Society can convey to one of its members. This award is especially meaningful to Bryan because the Honourable John D. Arnup, Q.C., for whom Bryan worked as a junior when he joined WeirFoulds, is an earlier recipient of the award.
WeirFoulds congratulates Wayne Egan on being appointed Managing Partner
WeirFoulds LLP is pleased to announce that the partners of the firm have elected Wayne Egan to the position of Managing Partner, effective January 1, 2018. He succeeds Michael Statham, who has served as the firm’s managing partner since 2013.
WeirFoulds recognized once again as the top Ontario regional firm in Canadian Lawyer’s survey
WeirFoulds LLP is delighted to announce that we have once again been recognized by our peers and colleagues as the number one Ontario regional law firm in Canadian Lawyer’s 2017 survey.
Canada turns 150
WeirFoulds celebrates Canada’s 150th birthday.
The people of the United Kingdom vote in favour of leaving the European Union. Known to the world as Brexit.
WF voted #1 regional law firm in Ontario
The firm is voted by our peers and colleagues as the number one regional law firm in Canadian Lawyer‘s 2015 Survey for the Top 10 Ontario Regional Firms.
Sochi Winter Olympics
Canada has its most successful Winter Olympics on foreign soil in Sochi, Russia, taking home 25 medals
WF joins forces with Townsend & Associates
Effective September 30, 2013, the Firm joined forces with Townsend and Associates to establish a dynamic new municipal and planning law team.
Firm moves to TD Centre
The firm moves to its current location, the iconic Toronto-Dominion Centre, at 66 Wellington Street West, Toronto.
Canada hosts the XXI Olympic Winter Games and wins 14 gold medals, making history by setting two new records–for the most gold medals won by a host country and the most gold medals won at any single Winter Olympics.©winter2010olympics.net
WeirFoulds 150th Anniversary
WeirFoulds celebrates the firm’s 150th Anniversary
The world slips into the worst financial crisis since the Great Depression of the 1930s.
January 20, 2009: History unfolds as the United States of America inaugurates its first black President.
Derry Millar LSUC Treasurer
Derry Millar is elected Treasurer (head) of the Law Society of Upper Canada. Derry becomes the fourth partner in the history of the firm to have this honour bestowed upon him. He is re-elected in 2009 for another term.
January 2, 2008: For the first time ever, a trade of crude oil is made at a price of USD $100 per barrel.
Anand and Millar – Benchers
Raj Anand is elected, and Derry Millar is re-elected (first elected in 1995), to serve as Benchers of the Law Society of Upper Canada. This marks the first time that two partners from a single law firm office simultaneously achieve this honour.
Borsook Managing Partner
Lisa Borsook becomes the first woman to be the managing partner of the firm and one of the few women managing partners of any of Canada’s major law firms.
Queen Elizabeth II
Canada’s head of state, Queen Elizabeth II, becomes the oldest monarch in the history of the United Kingdom.
Canadian Lawyer Top Ten
Canadian Lawyer magazine again ranks WeirFoulds LLP in the Top 10 of Central Canada’s regional firms.
Frank Walwyn, President CABL
Frank Walwyn, a Partner in the firm, is elected President of the Canadian Association of Black Lawyers (CABL). He is re-elected in 2007 for an additional two year term.
Google buys YouTube
Google buys YouTube for USD $1.65 billion.
WeirFoulds is ranked #1 in Real Estate in Ontario and in Toronto by Best Lawyers in Canada and as having the #1 Business Case in Canada by Lexpert Magazine.
Finlay – McMurtry Award
Bryan Finlay QC, a partner of the firm, is the inaugural recipient of the McMurtry Award from Pro Bono Law Ontario. The Award recognizes outstanding leadership in the delivery of pro bono legal services.
Eastern Black Out
The largest blackout in North American history hits Toronto, Ottawa and other parts of Ontario as well as major cities in the U.S. in late August, 2003.
Human Genome Project
The Human Genome Project is completed, with 99% of the human genome sequenced.
Derry Millar of the firm is appointed lead counsel in the Ipperwash Inquiry concerning the events surrounding the death of Dudley George, who died in 1995 during a First Nations protest at the Ipperwash Provincial Park.
York Region Transit
The firm is retained by York Region, one of the fastest growing regions in Canada, to act on a 30-year project to plan, develop, construct and operate a world class rapid transit system.
Name Change – WeirFoulds LLP
The firm changes its name to WeirFoulds LLP.
September 11, 2001.
The firm is retained by the Walkerton Public Utilities Commission in the Walkerton Inquiry into the circumstances that caused the tainting of Walkerton?s water supply. The subsequent recommendations result in revisions to Ontario?s water laws.
The firm acts for a number of Ontario hospitals during the provincial government?s restructuring of Ontario?s health services.
Lawyers at the firm successfully argue Dell Holdings Limited v. Toronto Area Transit Operating Authority, a landmark expropriation case, in the Supreme Court of Canada.
McKellar – Order of Canada
John D. McKellar QC, a partner in the firm practising corporate law, is made a Member of the Order of Canada.
The two dollar bill is replaced by Canada?s first bi-metallic coin, popularly known as the “Toonie”.
The Maastricht Treaty comes into force, establishing the economic and monetary community that is the European Union.
The firm acts on the privatization and re-development of Pearson Airport, Canada?s largest airport, until a newly-elected federal government passes legislation to halt the privatization.
Austin to Ontario Court of Appeal
Justice Allan McNiece “Mac” Austin of the Superior Court, and formerly a partner in the firm, is appointed to the Court of Appeal for Ontario.
Toronto Blue Jays
The Toronto Blue Jays win the World Series, thereby becoming the first and only team outside the United States to win a World Series. The Blue Jays repeat as World Champions in 1993.©Archives of Ontario. Item Reference Code C 193 3 6410566
World Wide Web
The World Wide Web begins. The first on-line website (pictured above) is created by Tim Berners-Lee and made available to a curious world.
The Gulf War commences with Iraq’s invasion of Kuwait. Canada contributes troops to a United Nations coalition of forces that opposes Iraq.©Department of Defense
Arnup – Order of Canada
The Honourable John D. Arnup QC, a former partner in the firm, is made a member of the Order of Canada.
Fall of the Berlin Wall
Twenty-eight years after it was erected, the Berlin Wall falls, paving the way for German reunification.
Free Trade Agreement
The Free Trade Agreement between Canada and the U.S. comes into effect.
Lawyers at the firm secure approvals for a significant condominium development in Toronto’s Harbourfront region.
Calgary Winter Olympics
The Winter Olympics are held in Calgary, Alberta.©Ted Grant/Library and Archives Canada/PA-209756
Carthy to Ontario Court of Appeal
James J. Carthy QC of the firm is appointed to the Court of Appeal for Ontario.©LSUC Archives, Paul Lawrence fonds, 2001088-582
Tanaka – President of the Women’s Law Association
The firm?s Lynda Tanaka becomes president of the Women?s Law Association.
October 19: Black Monday. Stock market levels fall sharply on Wall Street and around the world.
Public funding for Catholic Schools
Lawyers in the firm appear in the Supreme Court of Canada on Reference re Bill 30, a case concerning the constitutionality of increasing public funding for Roman Catholic secondary schools in Ontario.
Austin to Supreme Court of Ontario
Allan McNiece “Mac” Austin, a partner of the firm, is appointed as a High Court Justice of the Supreme Court of Ontario.©LSUC Archives, Paul Lawrence fonds, 2001088-264
The firm is retained by the City of Toronto in the re-development of 150 acres of prime land near the waterfront. This is the largest such urban re-development project in Canadian history and leads to the construction of Skydome Stadium, 14 million sq. ft. of office and hotel space and 6,000 housing units.
Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms
The Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms comes into effect as part of the Constitution of Canada.
Computer wins Man of the Year
Time Magazine’s Man of the Year award is given for the first time to a non-human, the computer.
The Constitution of Canada
The Constitution of Canada is patriated to Canada from the Parliament of the United Kingdom.
The Exchange Tower
The firm moves to The Exchange Tower, 130 King St. West, Toronto.
Hamilton – Queen’s Silver Jubilee Award
John P. Hamilton of the firm receives the Queen?s Silver Jubilee Award.
Gale – Companion of the Order of Canada
Chief Justice George A. Gale, formerly of the firm, is made a Companion of the Order of Canada, recognizing a lifetime of outstanding achievement and public service.©Library and Archives Canada/Credit: Harry Palme
The CN Tower, for over 30 years the world’s tallest manmade structure, opens to the public.
Don Valley Parkway
The firm acts for the Ontario Ministry of Transportation in the extension of the Don Valley Parkway, one of Canada’s busiest roadways, now known as Highway 404.
Canadian Petroleum Industry
The firm is retained in the longest competition law hearing in Canadian history, taking over 13 years to resolve, and leading to the Royal Commission on The State of Competition in the Canadian Petroleum Industry.
Canada – Soviet Hockey Summit
Canada wins the first Canada-Soviet Hockey Summit when Paul Henderson scores the winning goal in the final seconds of the last game.
Canada Life Building
The firm moves to the Canada Life Building, 330 University Ave.
Arnup to Ontario Court of Appeal
John D. Arnup QC, a partner in the firm, is appointed to the Court of Appeal for Ontario.©LSUC Archives, Archives Dept. collection, P530
Name Change – Weir & Foulds
The firm changes its name to Weir & Foulds.
Neil Armstrong of the United States becomes the first man to walk on the moon as part of the Apollo 11 mission.
As Treasurer of the Law Society of Upper Canada, the firm’s John D. Arnup QC leads the transfer of Osgoode Law School from the Law Society of Upper Canada to York University. The next year, Mr. Arnup and Chief Justice Gale (formerly with the firm), receive honorary Doctor of Laws degrees from York.
Canada celebrates its Centennial ? 100 years since Confederation.
Gale – Chief Justice of Ontario
Justice George A. Gale, a former partner in the firm, is appointed Chief Justice of Ontario.
Leitch Gold Mines v. Texas Gulf Sulphur
The firm’s John D. Arnup QC wins the Leitch Gold Mines v. Texas Gulf Sulphur case. The case determines a dispute over vast mineral wealth and, at the time, is the longest civil trial in Commonwealth history.
Weir – Dr of Law at Queen’s Univ.
The firm’s John T. Weir QC receives an honorary Doctor of Laws degree from Queen’s University and, the next year, the firm’s John D. Arnup QC also receives an honorary Doctor of Laws degree from Queen’s.
The new Canadian flag is unveiled.
The firm acts on the land assembly for the Eaton Centre in Toronto, the largest urban re-development project in Canada at the time.©Archives of Ontario. Item Reference Code F 229-308-0-463-2. Used with permission of Sears Canada Inc.
Bob Dylan goes electric at the Newport Folk Festival.
Name Change – Arnup, Foulds, Weir, Boeckh, Morris & Robinson
The firm changes its name to Arnup, Foulds, Weir, Boeckh, Morris & Robinson.
Ontario Annual Practice
James J. Carthy, a partner in the firm, becomes editor of the Ontario Annual Practice. Lawyers of the firm still edit the book, which is the leading reference text for courtroom procedure in civil cases.
Weir President of CBA
John T. Weir QC, a partner in the firm, is elected President of the Canadian Bar Association.
The firm represents the T. Eaton Company in the land assembly for Yorkdale Shopping Centre which becomes Canada’s largest indoor shopping mall of the day.©Archives of Ontario. Item Reference Code F 229-308-0-553. Used with permission of Sears Canada Inc.
Arnup – Treasurer of LSUC
John D. Arnup QC of the firm is elected Treasurer (head) of the Law Society of Upper Canada.
President John F. Kennedy is assassinated in Dallas, Texas.
Trans – Canada Highway
The Trans-Canada Highway officially opens. The following year, Justice George A. Gale, formerly a partner in the firm, is appointed to the Ontario Court of Appeal.©Library and Archives Canada/C-021915
Texada Mines Ltd. v. British Columbia
The firm’s John D. Arnup QC successfully argues in the Supreme Court of Canada that an export tax imposed by the Province of British Columbia is unconstitutional. Texada Mines Ltd. v. British Columbia (Attorney General), remains a leading case in the area.
St. Lawrence Seaway
The St. Lawrence Seaway opens.
Bank of Canada Building
The firm moves to the Bank of Canada Building, 250 University Ave.
Store – Branded Products
John D. Arnup QC, of the firm successfully argues in the Supreme Court of Canada that the Tariff Board could not impose a tax on store-branded products, thereby winning one of the most significant tax cases of the era.
Suez Canal Crisis
Lester B. Pearson, later Prime Minister of Canada, wins the Nobel Peace Prize for his leadership role in finding an end to the Suez Canal crisis.
First Subway – TTC
Canada’s first subway commences operation in Toronto.©City of Toronto Archives, Fonds 1257, Item 8995
First Canadian TV
The first television stations in Canada begin broadcasting.
Name Change – Mason, Foulds, Arnup, Walter & Weir
The firm changes its name to Mason, Foulds, Arnup, Walter & Weir.
North Korea crosses the 38th Parallel on June 25, 1950. Canada provides over 26,000 ground troops, sailors and airmen as part of United Nations forces in defending South Korea.
Newfoundland joins Confederation
The colony of Newfoundland joins Confederation and, in the same year, appeals from Canada to the Privy Council are abolished.©NFB/Library and Archives Canada/PA-128080
Justice Kellock, a former partner of the firm, heads the inquiry into the fire that destroyed the S.S. Noronic, Canada’s largest Great Lakes passenger ship, and resulted in 118 people losing their lives.©City of Toronto Archives, Fonds 1244, Item 1518
Hughes – UN
Canadian John Humphrey Hughes, serving as Director of the Human Rights Division in the UN Secretariat, works to draft the Universal Declaration of Human Rights.
Mason – Treasurer of LSUC
The firm’s Gershom W. Mason KC becomes Treasurer (head) of the Law Society of Upper Canada.
Gale to High Court of Ontario
George A. Gale KC, a partner in the firm, is appointed to the High Court of Ontario.
Victory in Europe (VE) Day is celebrated as the Word War II Allies formally accept the unconditional surrender of Adolph Hitler’s Third Reich. Winston Churchill waves to the joyous crowds in London, England.
Kellock to Supreme Court
Roy L. Kellock KC, a former partner in the firm, is appointed to the Supreme Court of Canada at age 50, at the time, the youngest such appointee. The next year, he heads the Royal Commission on the Halifax VE-Day Riots.©Law Society of Upper Canada Archives
A Name Change – Mason, Foulds, Davidson & Gale
Roy L. Kellock KC, a partner in the firm, is appointed to the Ontario Court of Appeal. The following year, the firm changes its name to Mason, Foulds, Davidson & Gale.
The United States becomes fully engaged in WWII following the bombing of Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941
Gale president of Lawyers’ Club
George Gale KC, a partner in the firm, serves on the first committee that conducts an ongoing review of Ontario’s rules of civil procedure. Later in that same year, Mr. Gale becomes president of the Lawyers’ Club.
Declare War on Germany
Great Britain and France declare war on Germany on September 3rd, and Canada follows suit on September 10th.
Morris enlists with 48th Highlanders
Hugh S.O. Morris of the firm enlists with the 48th Highlanders and serves with distinction in World War II.©City of Toronto Archives, Series 330, File 97, Item 007
The Statute of Westminster
The Statute of Westminster grants Canada full legal and parliamentary powers and establishes the British Commonwealth of Nations. This marks the functional independence of Canada and several other former colonies.
During the 1930s the firm acts for the Official Guardian of the Dionne quintuplets.©Library and Archives Canada/PA-122616
Mason, Foulds largest counsel practice in Toronto
The firm, now commonly known as “Mason, Foulds”, has the largest counsel practice in Toronto. During this period, Canada’s highest appellate court is the Privy Council in London, England.
The stock market crashes, signaling the beginning of the Great Depression.©City of Toronto Archives, Fonds 1244, Item 1683
First Academy Awards
The first Academy Awards are held.
The firm moves to the Sterling Tower Building, located at 372 Bay Street.©City of Toronto Archives, Series 1057, Item 737
Inaugural transatlantic telephone call
Commercial transatlantic telephone service is inaugurated by Prime Ministers W.L. Mackenzie King (Canada) and Stanley Baldwin (Great Britain).©Library and Archives Canada/PA-130297
Lindbergh transatlantic flight
Charles Lindbergh makes the first non-stop solo transatlantic flight and, during this year, Harry S. White of the firm serves as President of the Ontario Bar Association.
United Church of Canada
The firm is retained to prepare legislation to establish the United Church of Canada, which is founded in Toronto on June 10, 1925.©City of Toronto Archives, Fonds 1568, Item 221
Royal Canadian Air Force
The Royal Canadian Air Force is formed.©Archives of Ontario. C 334-2-0-0-9
The Bluenose schooner, in her maiden race, beats the American champion from Gloucester, Massachusetts, and takes the coveted International Fisherman’s Trophy.©W.R. MacAskill/Library and Archives Canada/PA-030802
The firm is retained by the T. Eaton Company for the development of what was then the largest department store in Canada, located on College Street in Toronto.©Archives of Ontario. Item Reference Code F 229-308-0-82. Used with permission of Sears Canada Inc.
Great War Ends
The Great War ends on the 11th hour of the 11th day, of the 11th month, thereafter known in Canada as Remembrance Day.©City of Toronto Archives, Fonds 1244, Item 1558
The Battle at Vimy Ridge marks the first time the Canadian Corps fought as one unit, winning one of the greatest military victories of The Great War.©Archives of Ontario. Item C-224-0-0-9-41
The Halifax Explosion levels 6 square kms of the city, and kills 2,000 people. Until the Atomic bombings in the Second World War, this was the largest man-made explosion in history.©City of Toronto Archives, Fonds 1244, Item 2435
Income tax is introduced in Canada as a “temporary wartime measure”.
Emily Murphy – first woman judge
Emily Murphy is the first woman appointed magistrate (judge of a lower court) in the British Empire.©Glenbow Archives, NC-6-2906
Bonanza Creek Gold Mining Co. case
George F. Shepley KC and Gershom W. Mason of the firm successfully argue the Bonanza Creek Gold Mining Co. case which holds that provincially-incorporated companies may carry out business throughout Canada. It remains a landmark constitutional case.
Foulds joins the Canadian Expeditionary Force
Archibald Foulds and William W. Davidson, partners in the firm, leave to serve with the Canadian Expeditionary Force in Europe
Sun Life Building
The firm moves to the Sun Life Building at the corner of Victoria and Adelaide Streets.
The Great War Begins
The Great War begins on August 4, 1914, with the British Empire’s declaration of war on Germany.
Ford Assembly Line
Henry Ford develops the first moving assembly line and, with it, modern manufacturing is born.
Ontario Rules of Practice
Justice William E. Middleton, a former partner of the firm, revises the Rules of Practice at the request of the Ontario government.
Shepley – Treasurer of LSUC
The firm’s George F. Shepley KC becomes Treasurer (head) of the Law Society of Upper Canada, the body that regulates lawyers in Ontario.
Middleton appointed to High Court of Justice
William E. Middleton K.C., a partner in the firm, is appointed to the High Court of Justice, Chancery Division.
Shepley – Hague North Atlantic Fishereies Arbitration
George F. Shepley K.C. of the firm represents the Dominion of Canada at the Hague North Atlantic Fisheries Arbitration, a dispute relating to fishing in Canadian waters. This marks the first time that Canada is independently represented in a treaty dispute.
Shepley appointed by the Board of Railway Commissioners
The firm?s George F. Shepley K.C. is appointed by the Board of Railway Commissioners for Canada to investigate telephone and telegraph toll rates throughout the country.
Royal Commission on Life Insurance
George F. Shepley K.C. of the firm acts for the Dominion of Canada in the Royal Commission on Life Insurance. The Commission investigates the activities of life insurance companies operating throughout the country.
Great Fire of Toronto
The Great Fire of Toronto destroys 104 buildings, but with no loss of life. The following year, Alberta and Saskatchewan join Confederation.©City of Toronto Archives, Fonds 1244, Item 2
Name Change – Shepley, Middleton & Donald
John J. Maclaren QC, a partner in the firm, is appointed to the Court of Appeal for Ontario. In the same year, the firm changes its name to Macdonald, Shepley, Middleton & Donald.
Shepley Petitions Laurier
George F. Shepley QC of the firm petitions Sir Wilfrid Laurier, urging the federal government to continue the practice of making appointments to the Ontario bench based on standing in the profession.©Archives of Ontario. Acc. 6355, S 9043.
The Boer War begins, marking the first time Canada sends troops overseas.
Toronto’s Old City Hall
Toronto?s City Hall opens. Today, known as “Old City Hall”, it serves as a Provincial courthouse.
Klondike Gold Rush
The Klondike Gold Rush begins.
Shepley elected Bencher
The firm’s George F. Shepley QC is elected Bencher of the Law Society of Upper Canada, the regulatory body for Ontario lawyers.
George F. Shepley QC of the firm is retained in proceedings between the Dominion Government and the Provinces of Quebec and Ontario regarding the apportionment of the assets of the former Province of Canada. This litigation finally concludes in 1909.
The Stanley Cup, North America?s longest running professional sports trophy, is first awarded.
The Toronto Star
The Toronto Star newspaper is founded.©Archives of Ontario. Acc. 6520, S 13458
Rose – Ontario Statutes & Ontario Rules of Practice
John E. Rose QC, formerly of the firm and now a judge, is appointed commissioner for the revision of the Ontario Statutes as well as for the revision and consolidation of the Rules of Practice used in Ontario courts.
Last Spike, CPR
The last spike is driven to complete the Canadian Pacific Railway. In the same year, Banff National Park becomes Canada’s first national park.©Alexander Ross/Library and Archives Canada/C-003693
Name Change – Macdonald, Merritt, Shepley and Geddes
The firm changes its name to Macdonald, Merritt, Shepley and Geddes.
Rose – High Court of Justice
John Edward Rose QC, a partner in the firm, is appointed to the High Court of Justice, Common Pleas Division.
Supreme Court of Canada
The Supreme Court of Canada is established.©William James Topley/Library and Archives Canada/PA-08389
Name Change – Rose & Macdonald
The firm changes its name to Rose & Macdonald. In the same year Prince Edward Island joins Canada.
First Canadian Census
The first Canadian census determines the country’s population to be 3,689,257.©Ridsdale, G.F./Library and Archives Canada/PA-122676
Name Change – Spencer, Rose & Macdonald
The firm changes its name to Spencer, Rose & Macdonald. In the same year, British Columbia joins Canada. Manitoba and the Northwest Territories joined the previous year.
First Dominion of Canada Banknote
The first Dominion of Canada banknote is introduced.©National Currency Collection, Currency Museum
The firm moves to the Masonic Hall on Toronto Street.
British North America Act
The British North America Act creates the Dominion of Canada, comprised of Ontario, Quebec, Nova Scotia and New Brunswick.
American Civil War
The American Civil War begins and is waged over the next four years.
20 Toronto Street Opens
Theodore H. Spencer opens the firm’s first office at Number 20 Toronto Street.©City of Toronto Archives, Fonds 1244, Item 3593
Federal Parliament Buildings
The Cornerstone for the Federal Parliament buildings is laid on Sept. 1st, 1860.©William James Topley/Library and Archives Canada/PA-033560